Prior to 1962, the U.S. criminalized same-sex activity. This meant that the LGBTQ+ community was forced to gather in secret. As purveyors and profiteers of illegal activity, mafia organizations owned and ran gay bars, similar to the speakeasies of the 1920s. One such bar was the Stonewall Inn in Manhattan, New York City. When officers of the NYPD raided Stonewall Inn on June 28, 1969, it sparked a riot by both those at the bar and the neighborhood residents. Following protests lasted 6 days and acted as a catalyst for the gay rights movement.